Bonsai tree care basics
Though Bonsai trees are more delicate compared to the average indoor plant, a few basic rules should enable anyone to take care of its tree properly. Most importantly are watering, fertilization and choosing the right position to place it.
Watering Bonsai trees
The most important part of taking care of your Bonsai trees is watering. How often a tree needs to be watered depends on several factors (like species of tree, size of tree, size of pot, time of year, soil-mixture and climate), indicating that it is impossible to say how often you should water Bonsai. However, understanding a few basic guidelines will help you to observe when a tree needs to be watered.
Feeding regularly during the growth season is crucial for your Bonsai to survive. Normal trees are able to extend their root system looking for nutrients; Bonsai however are planted in rather small pots and need to be fertilized in order to replenish the soil's nutritional content.
To prevent a tree from being pot-bound and ultimately starving to death, regular repotting is crucial. Re-potting your Bonsai will not keep it small; instead it will supply the tree with new nutrients that it needs to grow and flourish.
Positioning your trees
Deciding on what is the best location to place your Bonsai trees can be hard, as several factors (local climate, time of year, tree species, etc.) should be taken into consideration. Best is to know what species of tree you have and to look for specific information about it.
This table reveals Bonsai care needed per month, around the year, for the Northern hemisphere. These care guidelines are general and mostly applicable for outdoor trees; specific guidelines per species of tree but also per geographical region should have priority.
Topics included in this section are choosing proper substrate and pots for your Bonsai, protecting them from infections and winter care. Let's get started.