Brazilian Rain tree Bonsai progression

Brazilian rain tree


In the tropics, especially in South and South East Asia, there is a giant rain tree called  Samanea saman that grows as a beautiful gigantic tree giving shades to a large area under it. It has been a long time I thought of having a bonsai of that tree, but it was impossible due to the tree has large leaves.

A native of Central- and South America the Brazilian Rain tree is considered one of the tropical world's most beautiful and also one of the most popular bonsai subjects.








Samanea Saman; in the wild
Image 1: A giant Samanea saman in the wild.


In 1995, I was invited to India by The Indo Japanese Study group, the bigger bonsai organization in India. Over there I saw a legume bonsai owned by Mr Nikunj Parekh that has small leaves.  It was the first time I saw a brazilian rain tree. The tree was originated from Latin America, especially Brazil. It can be easily propegated by cuttings. I got a small bonsai cutting from Mr Parekh to bring home.



Cutting of brazilian rain tree
Image 2: A small cutting of  a brazilian rain tree.


The tree grew very well in Indonesia where the humidity is high. With the condition in the pot, the trunk tended to grow uneven like the shape of an old trunk of a giant tree. It made me happy. Further more the plant was willing to make good ramifications without much problem. I assumed that the tree had a special character as  a real good material for bonsai, especially suitable for the condition in my country.



Unique shape of the Bonsai trunk Bonsai roots

Image 3: The unique shape of the trunk of the plant
Image 4: Wash away the soil from the roots


I noticed that the roots and the base of the the plant is not always good. Therefore some root correction is quite often has to be done. Quite often that one or two roots are too thick. In this case, root splitting can be applied.

root splitting bonsaiRemoving the roots of bonsai

Image 5: Splitter is used to split the root vertically
Image 6: Splitted apart, later a small peble was put between the split




Recovered roots after split Root wiring bonsai

Image 7: After several year the split root will recover (on the left)
Image 8: Root wiring is necessary to make the root distribution good.




Rain tree in 2003

Image 9: The plant in 2003 (the plant grew very well).




Bonsai tree

Image 10: I change the pot into a shallower one in 2006. And here was the picture.




Bonsai after defoliation

Image 11: I defoliated all the leaves in 2007




The bonsai after the styling

Image 12: And here is my brazilian rain tree as the miniature  of “Samanea saman” I dreamt several years ago.



Written by: Budi Sulistyo
"Budi Sulistyo of Jakarta, Indonesia first began bonsai in 1976 and first begun to teach the art in 1984. He gives seminars and teaches in classes and workshops throughout his country and on national television. As the first Indonesian to win an international award (International Bonsai Exhibition in Osaka, Japan) and as the author of the Indonesian language book "Bonsai" he is well known and respected in the bonsai community. - Please visit his profile for more information, or check his Bonsai artist profile; Budi Sulistyo.

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