Caring for a Bonsai tree is not nearly as difficult as it might seem. However, as Bonsai trees are planted in small pots there are a few basic guidelines for watering, fertilizing, and repotting your trees.

How to keep your tree living and thriving

Though Bonsai trees are more delicate than the average indoor plant, these few basic rules should enable anyone to take care of their tree properly. Pay particular attention to watering, fertilization, and choosing the right location for your tree. These topics are also discussed in our online Bonsai Courses.

Placement of your trees

Determining what the optimal spot is to place your Bonsai trees can be hard, as several factors (local climate, time of year, etc.) should be taken into consideration. But the decisive factor is the tree species, and in particular; is your Bonsai an indoor or an outdoor tree?

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Bonsai courses

Watering Bonsai trees

The most important part of taking care of your Bonsai trees is watering. How often a tree needs to be watered depends on several factors such as; species of the tree, size of the tree, size of the pot, time of year, soil-mixture, and climate. I can’t tell you how often you should water Bonsai without knowing what kind of tree you have. However, understanding a few basic guidelines will help understand and identify when a tree needs to be watered.

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Fertilizing Bonsai

Fertilizing regularly during the growing season is crucial for Bonsai to survive and thrive. Trees are usually able to extend their root system in search of nutrients, but since Bonsai are confined to the relatively small pots they are planted in, they need proper fertilization to replenish the soil's nutritional content.

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Repotting Bonsai

To prevent your Bonsai from being pot-bound and ultimately starving to death, It's crucial to repot, or transplant regularly. A tree becomes pot-bound as it uses up the available nutrients in the soil and the roots grow to the shape of the pot. Due to the lack of space and nutrients, the trees stop growing, and if no action is taken, it will surely die. Repotting or transplanting your Bonsai will resupply the tree with the nutrients it needs to grow and flourish.

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Bonsai courses

Bonsai soil

Using the right soil mixture for your Bonsai trees is crucial. Soil is important to supply your trees with nutrients, but it also needs to drain properly, provide enough aeration, and retain water. Most online Bonsai shops offer ready-mixed soils, but preparing a soil mixture yourself saves money, and gives control over the exact mixture for your particular tree species.

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Subcategories

Advanced care techniques

Topics included in this section are choosing proper substrate and pots for your Bonsai, protecting them from infections and winter care. Let's get started.

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